I'm not an attorney, so you might want to ask someone who is. I think you're correct that small claims court would be an option a voluntary road association could try. But personally, I would find small claims court to be more onerous than following the statutes! Moreover, there's no guarantee that the Court will find in your favor, particularly if participation in the road association is "voluntary." How could you say the person had an obligation to pay if participation is voluntary? If the person had signed an agreement to join the road association as a paying member, that might be binding, but I wouldn't count on it. In the infamous case of Sunshine v Brett, (see the Resources page of this website,) the person who objected to paying had initially agreed to the terms of the statutory road association (which included not charging for undeveloped land.) But then he changed his mind, and because the association had not followed the legal requirement to notify owners of ALL benefited property, the Court found in his favor even though he had agreed to those terms. So while I think a voluntary road association COULD take the matter of unpaid dues to small claims court, I'm not at all sure the Court would find the terms of the association enforceable.